The Vegetable Garden

Zones 5-6 Planting Schedule

When to Plant Vegetables For Zones 5-6

Each USDA planting zone has its own schedule for sowing seeds. If you're new to vegetable gardening, you'll want to know that there is a right time to sow each variety of vegetable seed. By following our zone chart for both cool and warm season vegetables, you'll be sure to sow your seeds in the correct window of time, enabling optimum sprouting and yield. And don't forget, the seeds you pick are also of the greatest importance. Even if you are an old hand in the vegetable garden, we hope that our USDA zone planting chart will be a useful tool for organizing your spring and summer vegetable planting.

Not sure what your USDA Zone is? Use our USDA hardiness zone finder.

A Garden Planting Chart
Crop Days to Maturity Spring Planting Dates Fall Planting Dates Seed/Plants
100 ft.
Distance Between Rows Distance Between Plants Depth to Plant
Asparagus 2nd season Apr 5 - 25
50 roots 3 to 5 ft. 1½ to 2 ft. 6 in.
Bean, bush 50-60 Apr 25 - May 30 July 25-Aug 5 ½ lb. 3 ft. 2 to 4 in. 1-1½ in.
Bean, pole 65-75 May 10 - 20   ½ lb. 3 ft. 6 to 12 in. 1-1½ in.
Bean, lima 65-75 May 10 -25   1 lb. 2 to 2½ ft. 3 to 4 in. 1-1½ in.
Beet 55-65 Apr 1 - 15
Aug 1 - Sept 25
1 oz. 2 to 2½ ft. 2 in. 1 in.
Broccoli 60-80 Mar 25 - Apr 5
Sept. 25 - 30
100 plants 2½ ft. 14 to 18 in. -
Cabbage 65-80 Apr 1 - 20
Sept 20 -30 100 plants 2½ ft. 12 in. -
Cantaloupe
80-90 May 10 - 20

1 oz. 4 to 6 ft. 3½ to 4 ft. 1½ in
Carrot 70-80 Mar 25 - Apr 10
Sept 20 -30
½ oz. 2 ft. 2 to 3 in. ½ in.
Cauliflower 55-60 Apr 1 - 20
Sept 20 - 30
100 plants 3 ft. 12 to 18 in. -
Collard 55-70 Mar 20 - Apr 10

½ oz. 2½ ft. 8 to 16 in. ½ in.
Corn 80-100 May 1 - July 20
  ¼ lb. 3 to 3½ ft. 12 to 18 in. 2 in.
Cucumber 60-65 May 10 - 30
  1 oz. 3½ to 5 ft. 3 to 4 ft. 1½ in.
Eggplant 75-90 May 15 - 25
  50 plants 3 ft. 2½ to 3 ft. -
Kale 50-70 Mar 25 - Apr 5
  ½ oz. 3 ft. 10 in. ½ in.
Kohlrabi 50-70
Apr 1 - 15
Sept 20 - 25
½ oz. 3 ft. 10 in. ½ in.
Lettuce 60-85 Apr 1 - May 15
Sept 1 - 15 ½ oz. 2 to 2½ ft. 10 to 12 in. ½ in.
Mustard 40-50 Mar 25 - May 1
Aug 1 - 30
½ oz. 2 ft. 1 in. ½ in.
Okra 55-60 May 10 - 25
  1 oz. 3 to 3½ ft. 6 in. 1 in.
Onion (mature) 100-120 Mar 25 - Apr 15
Sept. 1-Dec. 31 300 plants or ½ gal. sets 1 to 2 ft. 3 to 4 in. ¾ in.
Peas, garden 60-80 Mar 25 - Apr 10
  1 lb. 2½ ft. 1 in. 1½-2 in.
Peas, southern 60-70 May 1 - 15
- ½ lb. 3 ft. 4 to 6 in. 1½-2 in.
Pepper 65-80 May 15 - 30
- 50 plants 2½ ft. 1½ to 2 ft. -
Potato, Irish 70-90 Apr 1 - 15
  1 peck 2½ to 3 ft. 10 to 14 in. 5 in.
Potato, sweet 90-150 May 15-June 5 - 100 plants 3½ ft. 12 in. -
Radish 25-30 Mar 25 - May 1
Aug 1- 20
1 oz. 1½ ft. 1 in. ½ in.
Spinach 40-45 Apr 1 - 20 Aug 10 - Sept 20
1 oz. 1½ to 2 ft. 1 to 2 in. ¾ in.
Squash, bush 50-55 May 15 - 30
  1 oz. 3 to 4 ft. 2 ft. 1½-2 in.
squash, winter 85-90 May 15 - 30
- ½ oz. 5 ft. 3 ft. 1½-2 in.
Tomato 70-85 May 15 - 30
  50 plants 3 to 4 ft. 2½ to 3 ft. -
Turnip 45-65 Mar 25 - May 1
Aug 5 - Sept 20  ½ oz. 1 to 2 ft. 1 to 2 in. ½ in.
Watermelon 80-90 May 10 - 20
  1 oz. 10 ft. 8 to 10 ft. 1½ in.
Note: Planting dates in this chart are approximate for North Missouri. Southern plantings should vary around two weeks earlier in the spring and later in the fall and plantings may have to be delayed due to cold weather..

This schedule is a general guide for the zone, please check with your local extension office for precise information for your specific area. Copyright © www.thevegetablegarden.info 2012.