The Vegetable Garden

Zones 1-2 Planting Schedule

When to Plant Vegetables For Zones 1-2

Each USDA planting zone has its own schedule for sowing seeds. If you're new to vegetable gardening, you'll want to know that there is a right time to sow each variety of vegetable seed. By following our zone chart for both cool and warm season vegetables, you'll be sure to sow your seeds in the correct window of time, enabling optimum sprouting and yield. And don't forget, the seeds you pick are also of the greatest importance. Even if you are an old hand in the vegetable garden, we hope that our USDA zone planting chart will be a useful tool for organizing your spring and summer vegetable planting.

Not sure what your USDA Zone is? Use our USDA hardiness zone finder.

A Garden Planting Chart
Vegetable Start plants this long before planting date for your region Zone l Zone 2 Amount to plant
for family of 4a
Distance
between rowsb
Distance apart
in the row
Artichokes (globe) Crown pieces Aug.-Oct.
May-June
Aug.-Nov.
April-June
3-4 plants 48-60" 48-60"
Asparagus 1 year March-April Feb.-March 30-40 plants 60" 12"
Beans (lima) not suitable not suitable May-June 15-25' of row 12-24" 4-6" bush
12-24" pole
Beans (snap) not suitable May-June May-July 15-25' of row 12-24" 2-6" bush
12-24" pole
Beets not suitable March-June March-June 10-15' of row 12" 1-2"
Broccoli 6 weeks May-June March-Aug. 10-20' of row 12-24" 12-24"
Brussels sprouts 6 weeks May-June May-July 15-20' of row 24" 24"
Cabbage 6 weeks Jan.-April
July-Sept.
April-June 10-15 plants 24" 24"
Cantaloupes 4 weeks not suitable May 5-10 hills 48" 48"
Carrots not suitable Jan.-June March-July 15 20-30' of row 12" 2"
Cauliflower 6 weeks Jan. & June April-July 15 10-15 plants 24" 24"
Celery 9 weeks March-June March-July 20-30' of row 24" 5"
Chard not suitable Feb.-May April-July 3-4 plants 24" 12 inches
Chinese cabbage 4 weeks July-Aug. August 10-15' of row 30" 6"
Chives 6 weeks April-May March-May 1 clump Needs 4 sq ft Scatter
Corn (sweet) not suitable April-May April-June 4 rows,
20-30' long
36" 15"
Cucumbers (slicing) 4 weeks April-June May-June 6 plants 48" 24"
Cucumbers
(pickling)
4 weeks May May-June 25' of row 48" 6-12"
Dill not suitable May May 25' of row 24" 6-9"
Eggplants 9 weeks not suitable May 4-6 plants 24" 24"
Endive 6 weeks March-July April-Aug. 15 10-15' of row 12" 10"
Garlic not suitable Sept.-Oct. Sept.-Feb. 10-20' of row 18" 3"
Kale not suitable May-July May-July 20-30' of row 24" 24"
Kohlrabi not suitable July-Aug. April-Aug. 15 10-15' of row 24" 3"
Leeks not suitable Feb.-April March-May 10' of row 24" 2"
Lettuce (head) 5 weeks Feb.-July April-July 10-15' of row 12" 12"
Lettuce (leaf) 5 weeks Feb.-Aug. April-Aug. 10-15' of row 12" 6"
Okra 8 weeks not suitable not suitable 10-20' of row 24" 18"
Onions 10 weeks Jan.-May Mar.-May 30-40' of row 12" 3"
Parsley 10 weeks Dec.-May Mar.-June 1-2 plants 12" 8"
Parsnips not suitable May-June April-May 10-15' of row 24" 3"
Peas not suitable Jan.-Aug. Feb.-May 30-40' of row 36" bush
48" vine
2"
Peppers 10 weeks May May-June 5-10 plants 24" 12-18"
Potatoes (sweet) 6 weeks not suitable not suitable 50-100' of row 48" 12"
Potatoes (white) not suitable Feb.-May April-June 50-100' of row 30" 12"
Pumpkins 4 weeks May May 1-3 plants 72" 48"
Radish not suitable All year March-Sept. 4' of row 12" 1"
Rhubarb Crown pieces Dec.-Jan. March-April 2-3 plants 48" 36"
Rutabagas not suitable June-July June-July 10-15' of row 24" 3"
Spinach not suitable Aug.-Feb. April & Sept. 10-20' of row 12" 3"
Squash (summer) 4 weeks May May-June 2-4 plants 48" 24"
Squash (winter) 4 weeks May May 2-4 plants 72" 48"
Tomatoes 8 weeks May-June May 10-15 plants 36-48",
closer if
supported
24-36"
Turnips not suitable Jan. & Aug. Apr.-Sept. 10-15' of row 24" 2"
Watermelons 4 weeks not suitable May 6 plants 72" 60"

aFor many of the crops, the amount to plant should be divided into several plantings, 1 or 2 weeks apart.
bUse narrower spacings for small gardens.

This schedule is a general guide for the zone, please check with your local extension office for precise information for your specific area. Copyright © www.thevegetablegarden.info 2012.